Maintaining the balance: Public Access versus Public Safety?

The Defence estate includes some of the most dramatic countryside in the UK and every year large numbers of people enjoy access to it both legally and safely. But not everyone sticks to the rules with some people endangering themselves and the lives of others.

My name is Kevin Morris and after a career in the Army and leaving with the rank of WO1 I now work in the Full Time Reserve Service as a Training Safety Marshal for the Defence Infrastructure Organisation based on Salisbury Plain. As the job title suggests, maintaining the safe use of the training area is at the heart of what I do. My primary responsibility is obviously the safety of military personnel, but with so much public access to the Salisbury Plain Training area, much of my work involves public safety.

The police and MOD work together to manage public access and combat incursions
The police and MOD work together to manage public access and combat incursions

I look after around 26,000 acres which includes open countryside, woods, scrubland not to mention land leased to a large number of tenant farmers and all of it is crisscrossed by public roads and other rights of way.

Whether it’s a soldier on exercise or someone cycling through the training area my priority is to make sure the activity is done safely. Sadly while the vast majority of people do obey the by-laws, some people completely disregard the warning signs, the rules and seemingly disengage their common sense.

Off-road driving

One of the biggest problems on all training areas has to be related to illegal off-road driving.

While most off-roaders on Salisbury Plain - including these - obey the law and drive safely and considerately, some do not.
While most off-roaders on Salisbury Plain -
including these - obey the law and drive safely and considerately, some do not.

Young men in particular see the vast areas of open ground and think it would be a great place to test their skills. Many come from as far afield as Birmingham, Essex, Bristol and Southampton. But all training areas contain hazards; not least soldiers on exercise. Over the years my colleagues and I have had to deal with some shocking situations involving all sorts of rolled and crashed vehicles, some resulting in life changing injuries. One incident that sticks in my mind involved a motorbike rider who suffered multiple injuries including a broken leg after wrecking his bike. While his injuries weren’t immediately life threatening, he could have remained trapped and unable to raise help and the final result could have been very different.

Clamping down on illegal off-roading.
Clamping down on illegal off-roading.

Because many of the roads across the training area are empty much of the time, people think it’s safe to speed. They also take risks they’d never chance on standard roads. This speeding is made worse during poor weather conditions. In the autumn and winter besides the problems caused by ice, visibility can be drastically reduced by fog. During the summer months, dust is an issue. Either way suddenly confronting a tank or similar military vehicle can often have only one outcome.

A Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank on a Salisbury Plain access road during Exercise Lion Strike. [Crown Copyright]
A Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank on a Salisbury Plain access road during Exercise Lion Strike. [Crown Copyright]
Wherever possible we like to talk to people and discuss why it’s important to stick to the speed limit or not to leave the public roads, or stay within the law. However persistent offenders are reported to the police and where necessary we will take action through the courts.

Monitoring illegal activity

While this is a military training area, and its primary use has to come first, there is significant public access which we support and respect. We are happy to allow any recreational activity that is safe and keeps within the by-laws. A good example of this are the large number of amateur photographers who come to see the Plain’s vast array of wildlife. However illegal activities such as hare coursing or fly tipping are never tolerated. To help combat these activities we gather video evidence. I have what’s called an ‘evidence camera’ fitted to my vehicle, which I can also detach and wear as a ‘body camera’. We also use movement activated cameras to gather footage of criminal activity and it’s amazing what people try and get away with.

WO1 Kevin Morris is a Training Safety Marshal
WO1 Kevin Morris is a Training Safety Marshal

We recently prevented several raves taking place on the training area. In one case we worked with the police who used a camera drone to locate one of these illegal music events being set-up inside an area of woodland. We established road blocks and turned away dozens of cars and hundreds of people, some from Wales.

We officially call these incidents ‘incursions’ but you could describe them as trespassing, or illegal access. While some may seem relatively harmless, most are either illegal or in some way dangerous and could result in serious injury or death. It’s my job, like that of all Training Safety Marshals on the Defence estate, to make sure that doesn’t happen.


  1. Comment by AL posted on

    Why are horses using Salisbury plain allowed to break the bylaws requiring them to stick to made tracks instead they are riding on footpaths, ancient monuments, field margins etc using the area as if it was their own private gallops, destroying many rare plants and bullying other users out of their way and placing many pedestrians at great risk.
    Many claim to have military approval from commanding officer or landmarc to do what they want and are often rude and oblivious to their responsabilities not to cause a nuisance to other users or stick to the designated tracks.
    I have seen many patrol vehicles drive past horses breaking the law, and do nothing so if motorbikes are being prevented from endangering others why not horses too?

    • Replies to AL>

      Comment by helenpickering posted on

      Thanks for getting in touch.

      Lone horse riders are not permitted to ride off a bridalway or public right of way, except where the public right of way is a stone track or tarmac road, where they must stay parallel within 15 yards of the track or road. There are however licensed horse riding events that are permitted to traverse the Training Area, but they are not permitted to ride on archaeological or tenant farm land.

      If they see this type of activity happening, please call Plainwatch on 01980 674700 or if you think it is a criminal activity (eg. damaging archaeology) call the police on 101 or 999.

      DIO Communications Team

  2. Comment by Pete Hrekow posted on

    Hi. I am interested to know about the status of Training Safety Marshals. I presume they are members of the military as they wear uniforms but they drive civilian vehicles - this is confusing. Also what powers do they have over and above a member of the public?

    • Replies to Pete Hrekow>

      Comment by DIO Communications Team posted on

      Hi Pete, thanks for reading.

      Training Safety Marshals (TSM) are Regular Army, Full Time Reserve Service personnel or civil servants. They drive 'military' White Fleet vehicles displaying a 'RANGE CONTROL' sign which is in white writing on a red background.

      TSMs are empowered to issue bylaws offence explanations and 'warning off' notices to individuals, to record details of individuals or vehicles – to pass on to the local council or police - to request that individuals abide by the military bye laws and local byelaws and request individuals move out of any Range Danger Area. i.e. anywhere where red flags are flying.

      TSMs are not empowered to forcibly remove individuals, but if individuals fail to move on to a byway or out of a Range Danger Area when asked they can call the Ministry of Defence Police or local police.


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